There’s a lot of discussion surrounding Plebiscites and the Same Sex Marriage issue.

Ballot Box

Ballot Box

Although there have been only 3 plebiscites run by the Federal Government since 1901, a single one has passed in 1977 to select the new National Anthem.

There have been 44 referenda in the same time, and only 9 have passed.

A great concern about the use of a plebiscite is the low pass rate: only 33% of Plebiscites and 20.45% of Referenda.

For your information, this is the list of Referenda and Plebiscites in Australia since Federation.

YearReferendum No.SubjectCarried
19061Senate ElectionsYes
19102State DebtsYes
19103Surplus RevenueNo
19114Trade and CommerceNo
19115MonopoliesNo
19136Trade and CommerceNo
19137CorporationsNo
19138Industrial MattersNo
19139TrustsNo
191310MonopoliesNo
191311Railway DisputesNo
1916n/aMilitary Service (plebiscite)No
1917n/aMilitary Service (plebiscite)No
191912Legislative PowersNo
191913MonopoliesNo
192614Industry and CommerceNo
192615Essential ServicesNo
192816State DebtsYes
193717AviationNo
193718MarketingNo
194419Post-War Reconstruction and Democratic RightsNo
194620Social ServicesYes
194621MarketingNo
194622Industrial EmploymentNo
194823Rents and PricesNo
195124Communists and CommunismNo
196725ParliamentNo
196726AboriginalsYes
197327PricesNo
197328IncomesNo
197429Simultaneous ElectionsNo
197430Mode of Altering the ConstitutionNo
197431Democratic ElectionsNo
197432Local Government BodiesNo
197733Simultaneous ElectionsNo
197734Senate Casual VacanciesYes
197735ReferendumsYes
197736Retirement of JudgesYes
1977n/aNational Song (plebiscite) (choice of 4 using preferential voting)Yes
198437Terms of SenatorsNo
198438Interchange of PowersNo
198839Parliamentary TermsNo
198840Fair ElectionsNo
198841Local GovernmentNo
198842Rights and FreedomsNo
199943Establishment of RepublicNo
199944PreambleNo